Benin art dates from the 15th to 19th century.
The art has its main concentration in bronzes, wood, ivory and terracotta. Benin art is popularly referred to as court art because it was highly monopolized by the king (Oba). He was said to have maintained specialist bronze smiths, ivory and wood carvers as well as bead workers. These workers were forbidden to work for anyone else, especially the bronze workers.
Benin art is mainly for the glorification of the Oba and gods. They were also used to immortalize dead royal ancestors and also document the history of their dynasty.